Windbreaks

A windbreak is a tall, dense, continuous wall of vegetation meant to protect structures, roads or any other important areas from strong, driving winds, soil erosion and snow accumulation. A windbreak can also provide wildlife habitat, pleasing aesthetics and help lower energy costs for landowners. Contact our department to learn more! (608) 339-4268 or Email

HOW IT WORKS:

Multiple rows of trees are planted to protect a farmstead, feedlot or open field from wind and snow. Conifer trees or a mix of conifer and deciduous trees can be used, along with one or two rows of shrubs. The established trees and shrubs slow wind on the downwind side of the windbreak for a distance of 10 times the height of the trees. The windbreak reduces wind erosion, controls blowing/drifting snow, conserves energy used for heating and cooling, serves as a sound barrier, and provides wildlife food and cover.

Recommended Shrubs

Space shrubs 3 to 6 feet in the row and 6 to 10 feet between rows.

**SOLD DURING THE ADAMS COUNTY TREE & SHRUB SALE

PLANNING:

FOR PROTECTING CROPS, SOIL AND DISTRIBUTING SNOW:

FOR PROTECTING AGAINST BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW:

TO REDUCE ENERGY COSTS, LIVESTOCK ODORS AND NOISE, OR PROVIDE WILDLIFE HABITAT:

MAINTENANCE:

Recommended Small Trees

Space 10 to 15 feet in the row and 20 feet between rows.

**SOLD DURING THE ADAMS COUNTY TREE & SHRUB SALE

WHICH TREES/SHRUBS ARE BEST?

Choosing the best trees and shrubs for your situation is extremely important to ensure an effective, long lasting windbreak. Plants need to be winter hardy and show have a good history of being suitable for the site and soils. Select multiple species of trees and shrubs so, if there is a failure in a row, the windbreak is still effective. A mix of deciduous and coniferous plants is best and should be selected based on the purpose of the planting. Use native plants whenever possible.

Recommended Deciduous Trees

Space 12 to 20 feet in the row and 20 feet between rows.

**SOLD DURING THE ADAMS COUNTY TREE & SHRUB SALE

SOURCES:
https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/wi/about/?cid=nrcs142p2_020793
https://extension.umn.edu/agroforestry/trees-shrubs-windbreaks
"Landscaping with Native Plants of Wisconsin" By: Lynn M. Steiner

Recommended Conifer Trees

Space 20 to 25 feet in the row and 20 to 25 feet between rows.

**SOLD DURING THE ADAMS COUNTY TREE & SHRUB SALE

Benefits:

Source: http://www.aftaweb.org/about/what-is-agroforestry/windbreaks.html